In order to find the middle way for your plants and crops not to whiter because of drought, you have to respect the following watering rules.
The first condition is to satisfy each plant’s needs in terms of the soil type and light intensity.
The second rule, related to proper plants watering, is that moisture must be constant. Continuous surveillance plays a special role in achieving this goal. Any watering must be followed by easy soil drying before the next one. This helps to root development and avoiding the risk of rotting. The simplest way to test moisture is to dig 2-3 centimeters and see the soil in depth.
Water well, rarely and in sufficient quantity. With few exceptions for most flowers in the garden, a watering or two per week is enough if the soil is sufficiently irrigated. It is preferable to water one with plenty of water than in small quantities at shorter intervals.
Water the plants in the morning or evening. This rule is essential for proper plant watering and is closely related to the previous one. Watering will be “sufficient” if the plants get the enough water quantity. If we do this during the day, some of the water will evaporate into the atmosphere. That’s why the best time to water your plants and crops is in the morning and evening.
Water the plants individually. If you always water a single root, only this root will grow well and the nutrients will absorb in the soil inappropriately. Therefore, always water well around the plant and distribute water throughout the watering area.
Water slowly. A large flow of water is not necessarily best option. The best one is in stages, because the water takes a few moments to infiltrate the soil. It is recommended to water the plants with moderate amounts of water every 10 minutes, until the soil is moisturize. This way you’ll avoid soil overloading, endangering plant health and water waste. It is indicated to wet the garden with a sprinkler or hose at low pressure and flow. Repeat the process until the watering is really effective and the water enters the ground properly.
Avoid watering the leaves. Watering with a sprinkle or hose is not the same thing as rain. If rain wets the leaves without side-effects, is not the same thing in the case of hose or sprinkle watering. Damp leaves left overnight will become diseased leaves (with mold), and those left in the sun get traces of mild burns.
Proper planting is also the individualization of plants according to their needs and specifics. And this is one of the important rules to keep in mind when planting properly.
Image Credits: Digital.vpr